Who should do the test?
According to the American Diabetes Association, and according to Dr. Slinkin, screening for diabetes is recommended for people over 45 years old (every 3 years) or at any age if you have certain risk factors, including:
Overweight, obesity or physical inactivity.
A close relative (first or second degree) with diabetes mellitus.
Belonging to a particular race/ethnic group (Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, Asians/ South Pacific Islanders).
Signs of insulin resistance or conditions associated with insulin resistance, such as high blood pressure (hypertension), low good cholesterol and/or high triglyceride levels (dyslipidemia), and polycystic ovarian syndrome
Pregnancy diabetes mellitus (gestational diabetes)
Range of blood sugar FBS.
Normal blood glucose levels on an empty stomach in healthy people are 70 - 125 mg/dL or 3.9 - 6.9 mmol/l. Low blood sugar FBS or hypoglycemia is when the blood level in diabetic patients falls below 70 mg/dL or about 55 mg/dL (3 mmol/l) in healthy people, says Mr. Denis.
High blood sugar or hyperglycemia is when your blood glucose level is too high, above 126 mg/dL or 7 mmol/l.
The normal range of blood sugar in a healthy person's fasting is between 70 and 125 mg/dL.
Range of diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (also known as debilitated lethargy glucose) refers to blood glucose levels that are consistently in the upper normal range, between 100 - 125 mg/dL (5.6 - 7 mmol/l). Diabetes mellitus is dangerous, as it can easily develop into diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus means that you almost have diabetes, but you should not despair. Diabetes mellitus is reversible. By changing your lifestyle at an early stage, you can prevent diabetes. However, if you do not make any changes, research shows that there is a 40% chance that you will have diabetes FBS in four years.